According to historians, the civilization of Narmada Valley is very ancient. This area is associated with the Ramayana, Mahabharatkal, Satvahan, Kanishka, Abhiraoharsh, Chalukya, Bhoj, Holkar, Scindia, Mughal and British etc. There have been the effects of Jain, Yaduvanshi, Siddhanthi, Nagapanthi etc. in different periods. Remnants of ancient architecture are still capable of expressing historical texts in this area. This also proves to be found in the field of stone weapons. It is estimated that due to mixed land of Arya and Non-Varanasi civilizations, this area came to be known as “Nimayati” which, after a time, became negligent and changed into “Nimar” and then “Nimar”. (Nima = Half). In another opinion, this name was due to neem trees.
This region has always been important on the natural route connecting the northern and southern regions of India. In the various periods of history – this region has been a part of the empire of Hailar, Shinde, Pawar – the Ahir of Pehmar Asirigarh of Malwa, Muslim ruler of Mandu, Mughal and Peshwa and other Maratha warlords – of Maheshwar. With the formation of Madhya Pradesh state on November 1, 1956, this district came into existence as “West Nimar”. Due to the administrative requirements of time, on 25th May 1998, “West Nimad” was divided into two districts – Khargone and Barwani.